Creating SQL Server Database with PowerShell

 

This morning I have been setting up my Azure Servers in preparation for my presentation to the Cardiff SQL User Group this month.

I used my scripts from My Post on Spinning Up Azure SQL Boxes to create two servers and then I wanted to create some databases

I decided it was time to write a Create-Database function using a number of scripts that I have used to create individual databases.

Errors

Whilst finalising the function I didn’t quite get it right sometimes and was faced with an error.

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Not the most useful of errors to troubleshoot. The issue could be anywhere in the script

You can view the last errors PowerShell has shown using $Errors. This gives you the last 500 errors but you can see the last error by using $Error[0] if you pipe it to Format-List you can get a more detailed error message so I added a try catch to the function which gave me an error message I could resolve.

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Much better. The problem was

Cannot create file ‘C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL11.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\DATA\.LDF’ because it already exists.

Mistyping a variable has caused this. Creating an empty file name variable which then threw the error the second(and third,fourth fifth) times I ran the script but this error pointed me to it.

Creating Database

There are a vast number of variables you can set when creating a database. I decided to set File Sizes, File Growth Sizes, Max File Sizes and Recovery Model. I only set Server and Database Name as mandatory parameters and gave the other parameters default values

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We take the parameters for file sizes in MB and set them to KB

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Then set the default file locations. Create a database object, a Primary file group object and add the file group object to the database object

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Add a User File Group for User objects

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Create a database file on the primary file group using the variables set earlier

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Do the same for the user file and then create a Log File

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Set the Recovery Model and create the database and then set the user file group as the default

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Finally catch the errors

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It can then be called as follows Create-Database SERVERNAME DATABASENAME

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or by setting all the parameters Create-Database -Server Fade2black -DBName DatabaseTest -SysFileSize 10 -UserFileSize 15 -LogFileSize 20 -UserFileGrowth 7 -UserFileMaxSize 150 -LogFileGrowth 8 -LogFileMaxSize 250 -DBRecModel FULL

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This means that I can easily and quickly set up several databases of different types and sizes

The script can be found here

 

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