This has been an interesting journey. The Adventure Works database is frequently used in blogs and reference books and I wanted to install it in my Windows Azure Learning Lab and I also wanted to automate the process.

The easiest way is to download the Windows Azure MDF file from  http://msftdbprodsamples.codeplex.com/ jump through all the security warnings in Internet Explorer and save the file and then create the database as follows

ON (FILENAME = 'PATH TO \AdventureWorks2012_Data.mdf')
FOR ATTACH_REBUILD_LOG ;

That is the way I will do it from now on! After reading this page I tried to download the file with Powershell but it would not as I could not provide a direct link to the file. Maybe someone can help me with that. So I thought I would use my SkyDrive to hold the MDF file and map a drive on the server.

\to do this you need to add the Desktop Experience feature to the server. This can be done as follows

Import-Module ServerManager

This will take a few minutes to install, reboot and then configure the updates before you can log back in. While it is doing this log into your SkyDrive and navigate to a folder and copy the URL to notepad

It will look something like this

https://skydrive.live.com/?lc=2137#cid=XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX&id=CYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY

Copy the GUID after the cid=

and write this command

net use T:  \\d.docs.live.net@SSL\XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX /user:$user$password

I keep this in a script and pass the user and password in via Read-Host

However, if you try to copy the item from the folder you will get an error

The file size exceeds the limit allowed and cannot be saved

So you will need to alter a registry key as follows

Set-ItemProperty -Path HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\WebClient\Parameters -Name FileSizeLimitInBytes -Value 4294967295

and then restart the WebClient service Then run the net use command to map the drive and copy the file with Copy-Item

But my script to auto install the Adventure Works database via Powershell once you have completed all the pre-requisites is

$user = Read-Host "user"$password = Read-Host "Password"
net use T:  \\d.docs.live.net@SSL\XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX /user:$user$password
New-Item c:\AW -ItemType directory
Invoke-Sqlcmd -ServerInstance YourServerName -Database master -Query "CREATE DATABASE AdventureWorks2012
FOR ATTACH_REBUILD_LOG ;"

To be honest I don’t think I will use this method as my copy failed twice before it succeeded so I will just download the file and create the database!!

Please don’t ever trust anything you read on the internet and certainly don’t implement it on production servers without first both understanding what it will do and testing it thoroughly. This solution worked for me in my environment I hope it is of use to you in yours but I know nothing about your environment and you know little about mine

# Checking SQL Error Logs, Event Logs and Stopping Services with Powershell

It was patching time this week at MyWork so I thought I would share some Powershell scripts I use to speed up the process.

I keep these in their own folder and cd to it. Then I can just type the first few letters and tab and Powershell completes it. Nice and easy and time saving

The first thing I do is to stop the SQL services with the StopSQLServices.ps1

Get the server name with Read-Host then I like to see the before and after using

get-service -ComputerName $server|Where-Object {$_.Name -like '*SQL*' }

This uses the Get-service CMDlet to find the services with SQL in the name and display them. Then we pass the running services to an array and use the stop method with a while to check if the services are stopped before displaying the services again. Note this will stop all services with SQL in the name so if for example you are using Redgates SQL Monitor it will stop those services too. If that could be an issue then you may need to alter the where clause. As always test test test before implementing in any live environment.

Once the services are stopped I RDP using the RDP script which again uses Read-host to get a server and then opens up a RDP with a simple Invoke-Command. This means I can stay in Powershell.

Then I patch the server and reboot using the ping script to set up a continuous ping.

If you want to install Windows Updates via Powershell you can use the details here. I like to jump on the box to keep an eye on it.

To check the event log The EventLog.ps1 script is very simple

Get-EventLog  -computername $server -log$log -newest $latest | Out-GridView Enter the server name and then application or system and it will display the results using out-gridview which will allow you to filter the results as required. I have another version of this script with a message search as well. You can simply add where {$_.entryType -match “Error”} if you only want the errors or Warning for the warnings. I like to look at it all.

Check the SQL error log with this script which uses the SMO method

$Server = Read-Host "Please Enter the Server"$srv = New-Object ('Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server') $server$Results = $srv.ReadErrorLog(0) | format-table -Wrap -AutoSize$Results

I love these four lines they make it so easy for me to look at the SQL error log whenever I need to. If you want you can pipe to Out-GridView or even to notepad. If I want to check one of the previous error logs I change ReadErrorLog(0) to ReadErrorLog(1) or 2 or 3 etc. I have a daily script which emails me any SQL error log errors and DBCC errors every day so I am aware of any issues before

Then the AutoServices.ps1 to show the state of the auto start services. Strangely you cannot get the Start Type from Get-Service so I use Get-WMIObject. If any have failed to start then I use Get-Service to get the service  and pipe to Start-Service

This is what works for me I hope it is of use to you

Please don’t ever trust anything you read on the internet and certainly don’t implement it on production servers without first both understanding what it will do and testing it thoroughly. This solution worked for me in my environment I hope it is of use to you in yours but I know nothing about your environment and you know little about mine

<#
.NOTES
Name: StopSQLServices.ps1
Author: Rob Sewell http://sqldbawithabeard.com
Requires:
Version History:

.SYNOPSIS

.DESCRIPTION

.PARAMETER

.PARAMETER

.PARAMETER

.EXAMPLE
#>
#############################################################################################
#
# NAME: StopSQLServices.ps1
# AUTHOR: Rob Sewell http://newsqldbawiththebeard.wordpress.com @fade2blackuk
# DATE:15/05/2013
#
# COMMENTS: This script will stop all SQL Services on a server
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------

$Server = Read-Host "Please Enter the Server - This WILL stop all SQL services" Write-Host "########### Services on$Server BEFORE  ##############" -ForegroundColor Green -BackgroundColor DarkYellow
get-service -ComputerName $server|Where-Object {$_.Name -like '*SQL*' }Write-Host "###########  Services on $Server BEFORE ##############" -ForegroundColor Green -BackgroundColor DarkYellow ##$Services = Get-WmiObject Win32_Service -ComputerName $server| Where-Object {$_.Name -like '*SQL*'-and $_.State-eq 'Running' }$Services = Get-Service -ComputerName $server|Where-Object {$_.Name -like '*SQL*' -and $_.Status -eq 'Running' } foreach ($Service in $Services) {$ServiceName = $Service.displayname (get-service -ComputerName$Server  -Name $ServiceName).Stop() while ((Get-Service -ComputerName$server -Name $ServiceName).status -ne 'Stopped') {<#do nothing#>} } Write-Host "########### Services on$Server After  ##############" -ForegroundColor Green -BackgroundColor DarkYellow
Get-Service -ComputerName $server|Where-Object {$_.Name -like '*SQL*' }
Write-Host "###########  Services on $Server After ##############" -ForegroundColor Green -BackgroundColor DarkYellow ############################################################################################# # # NAME: RDP.ps1 # AUTHOR: Rob Sewell http://newsqldbawiththebeard.wordpress.com @fade2blackuk # DATE:15/05/2013 # # COMMENTS: This script to open a RDP # ------------------------------------------------------------------------$server = Read-Host "Server Name?"
Invoke-Expression "mstsc /v:$server" ############################################################################################# # # NAME: Ping.ps1 # AUTHOR: Rob Sewell http://newsqldbawiththebeard.wordpress.com @fade2blackuk # DATE:15/05/2013 # # COMMENTS: This script to set up a continous ping # Use CTRL + C to stop it # ------------------------------------------------------------------------$server = Read-Host "Server Name?"
Invoke-Expression "ping -t $server" ############################################################################################# # # NAME: SQLErrorLog.ps1 # AUTHOR: Rob Sewell http://newsqldbawiththebeard.wordpress.com @fade2blackuk # DATE:15/05/2013 # # COMMENTS: This script will display the SQL Error Log for a remote server # ------------------------------------------------------------------------$Server = Read-Host "Please Enter the Server"
$srv = New-Object ('Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server')$server
$srv.ReadErrorLog(0) | Out-GridView ############################################################################################# # # NAME: Autoservices.ps1 # AUTHOR: Rob Sewell http://newsqldbawiththebeard.wordpress.com @fade2blackuk # DATE:15/05/2013 # # COMMENTS: # Script to show the services running that are set to Automatic startup - # good for checking after reboot # ------------------------------------------------------------------------$Server = Read-Host "Which Server?"

Get-WmiObject Win32_Service -ComputerName $Server | Where-Object {$_.StartMode -like 'Auto' }|
Select-Object __SERVER, Name, StartMode, State | Format-Table -auto
Write-Host "SQL Services"
Get-WmiObject Win32_Service -ComputerName $Server | Where-Object {$_.DisplayName -like '*SQL*' }|
Select-Object __SERVER, Name, StartMode, State | Format-Table -auto